Assisted hatching (AH):
It is a procedure to assist the embryos to escape from its shell, so that it can implant into the woman’s uterus. It is recommended in special cases like poor quality of eggs/ embryos or repeated IVF failures
Cryopreservation of semen, eggs and embryos:
This is a process where wither eggs, sperm or embryos are frozen for future use, using a specialized process in the lab
Pre-implantation genetic screening, pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGS, PGD):
It is a specialized treatment for couples who carry an inherited genetic defect that could cause serious health risks for their children, such as cystic fibrosis, sickle cell disease or thallaesemia. This involves taking cells from the embryo and assessing their chromosomes or genes by very specialized procedures to select embryos, without specific condition, prior to embryo transfer
Donor program for semen, eggs and embryos:
In some couples, a pregnancy cannot be achieved or there is a very low likelihood of a pregnancy with their eggs and sperm. In such cases, the options of donor sperm, egg or embryo can be considered.
Surrogacy or gestational surrogacy:
This is an arrangement where a woman called the surrogate mother, carries and delivers a child for another couple. In gestational surrogacy, an embryo is implanted into the surrogate mother’s uterus to achieve a pregnancy. The surrogate mother is not genetically related to the baby. In traditional surrogacy, the surrogate woman can give her egg and the baby grows in her uterus and she is therefore related genetically to the baby
eggs and sperm can be frozen for future use, if men or women are diagnosed with cancer and are due to undergo treatment that could damage their fertility. Women may also choose to freeze their eggs to delay having a child.
Treatment of immunological problems related to infertility:
Dysfunction of the immune system could contribute to infertility and pregnancy loss. Indeed, many pregnancies/ IVF cycles fail because of chromosomal abnormalities in the embryo. These defects occur randomly and are not always the cause of recurrent pregnancy losses and repeat IVF failure, especially in younger patients.
Surgical management of female subfertility:
It includes laparoscopic ovarian drilling, adhesiolysis, salpingectomy for hydrosapinx or ectopic pregnancy, laparoscopic or open myomectomy, laparoscopic cystectomy, hysteroscopic tubal cannulation, hysteroscopic polypectomy, hysteroscopic fibroid resection etc.,
Surgical management of male subfertility:
Surgical sperm retrieval techniques, varicocelectomy, repair of obstructed vas deference etc.
Treatment for sexual intercourse problems:
Medication or counselling can help improve fertility in conditions such as vaginismus, erectile dysfunction or premature ejaculation