Robotic Surgery In Urology

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Robotic Surgery In Urology

What is robotic surgery?

Robotic surgeries are computer-assisted techniques with robotic systems aiding surgical procedures. It is a mechanical helping hand to surgeons. Surgical robots are self-powered, computer-controlled devices that can be programmed to aid in the positioning and manipulation of surgical instruments. Surgeons view the patient via a terminal and manipulate the robotic surgical instruments via a control panel located in the adjoining console.

Organs are viewed through tiny cameras inserted into the body. The surgical robot functions by remote, minimally invasive and unmanned surgery.

There are 3 types of robotic systems:

  • da Vinci
  • Zeus
  • Aesop

What is the role of surgeons?

  • The surgeons control the robot generally from a console.
  • The robot is always under the control of a surgeon and follows specific set of instructions.
  • Tasks of the surgeon:
    1. Planning: Map the patient’s body to the computer to determine the surgical pathway
    2. Registration: Surgeon to register points in the patient’s body where surgery is to be done
    3. Navigation: Surgeon activates the robot

Types of robotic surgery in urology

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Post operative instructions

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Preparation for surgery

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Risks and complications

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Difference between laparoscopic and robotic surgery

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Anatomy of genitourinary system

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Advantages and disadvantages

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